The term hegemony stems from the Greek words ‘to lead’ and ‘leader’. In feminist theories, hegemony has been used to analyse masculinity as a form of power hierarchy. Hegemonic masculinity refers to men’s domination of women, and the normative traits are found in different groups of men in various degrees. In addition, hegemonic masculinity changes over time, and different types of masculinity are preferred in different cultures and socioeconomic groups. Although hegemony can be seen as a more discrete exercise of power than violence, there is often an element of violence involved.

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