The purpose of Gender Statistics, also known as ‘gender-disaggregated statistics’, is to elucidate the circumstances, life situation and needs of men and women.
All statistics relating to individuals must be collected, analyzed and presented separately by gender and constitute an overall statistical classification basis. All results, texts, tables and diagrams must be consistently presented based on gender.
Compiling and dividing statistics by gender is not enough. To achieve result, the statistics must proceed to analyses stage and specific measures should be taken to approach the objectives.
Official statistics must be broken down based on gender. Section 14 of the Official Statistics Ordinance (2001:100) states that individual-based official statistics must be divided by gender unless there are particular reasons for not doing so.
In internal surveys with a statistical documentation purpose, in which users themselves reply to questions, certain aspects should be kept in mind. The documents should not be produced based on the assumption that all respondents will identify themselves as one sex or the other, or that all are in heterosexual.
Offering a third option, such as ‘other/none’, could be a way to challenge such binary assumptions and include people of all sexes and sexual orientations in the statistics.