Gender Impact Assessment

Political decisions may appear gender neutral but affect women and men differently. Gender Impact Assessment is an effective tool to highlight and possibly prevent such occurances.

A Gender Impact Assessment should be carried out early in the decision-making process to attain optimal results. The first stage of the analysis is to check whether gender is relevant to the policy area.

To evaluate whether the issue has gender relevance, one should investigate the statistical data and answer the following questions,

  • Does the proposal affect one or more target groups? Will it affect daily lives of one or more groups in the population?
  • Are there differences between women and men in terms of rights, resources, participation, gender-related values and norms in this policy area?

If the answer to any of these questions is ‘yes’, a Gender Impact Assessment should be conducted.

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