Role play commonly includes some kind of problem formulation that the participants must discuss and take decisions on.
One fundamental requirement of role play-work is that it should be led by a skilled supervisor or instructor. Planning of time before, after and during the role play is important to generate an educational situation.
Planning a session for subsequent discussion as well ensures that participants can work through and reflect on the roleplay.
Since role plays are based on genuine feelings, it is important for the participants to get a chance to work out what has happened.
When the participants have had time for reflection, they can interpret contexts and structures in the role play and also make generalisations and put it in a broader context.