Logical Framework Approach

The Logical Framework Approach (LFA) is a target-driven method of project planning that can be used in work on activities that are not project-oriented. The method has long been used by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), and is also used in the projects funded in the European Social Fund.

This method comprises various stages and can, independently from the content of the work, focus on various aims and meeting various purposes. It can be an instrument for target-driven planning, analysis, assessment, follow-up and evaluation of projects.

But it can also serve as support for logical analysis and structured thinking, both in the planning and in the implementation of work. Being a framework, it affords structure and serves as support for projects in which dialogue is important for attaining objectives. This defines and reveals various elements in a process of change (problems, aims, stakeholders, implementation plan etc.), and becomes an instrument for generating participation, responsibility and ownership — all factors that are crucial for success. Last but not least, it is also a way of describing and summarising projects and activities.

Nine Steps of LFA Analysis

  1. Analysis of the context and scope of a project
  2. Stakeholder analysis
  3. Problem and situation analysis
  4. Definition of objectives
  5. Activity plan
  6. Resource planning
  7. Indicators, measurements of target fulfilment
  8. Risk analysis
  9. Analysis of requirements for target fulfilment

LFA Method on Three Objective Levels

  1. The overall or development objective, i.e. the long-term change that the project seeks to promote but which may not be attained until several years after project implementation
  2. The project objective, which describes the actual purpose of the project and the nature of the outcome when the project is completed, provided that it succeeds
  3. Interim objectives or outputs that describe what the project directly delivers as a result of the activities implemented
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